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Tips, Techniques, Dos and Donts to Improve Public Speaking

Public speaking is one of the worst fears people have. These tips, dos & don't, and techniques will help you shine next time you are on the stage.

Dos and Dont's of Public Speaking
  • Do cover a point thoroughly so you don’t have to come back to it
  • Do start with a strong and persistent desire to become an excellent speaker
  • Do prepare well for the speech
  • Do practice several times before the speech
  • Do act confident
  • Do feel passionate about your message and topic
  • Do research your topic thoroughly – use library
  • Do stress important words and subordinate unimportant ones
  • Do vary your pitch, volume, pace, and pauses
  • Do keep your tone conversational
  • Do take plenty of rest before speech
  • Do dress well
  • Do smile during speech
  • Do keep your audience together
  • Do use specifics (1 million people vs a large number of people)
  • Do use active voice
  • Do use descriptive words that people can sense (see, touch, hear, smell, and taste)
  • Do use words economically
  • Do use rhetoric devices (Simile, Metaphor, Alliteration, Triads)
  • Do use proper grammar
  • Do use purposeful body movement
  • Do maintain eye contact
  • Do use your facial expression to convey emotions
  • Do answer question audience will have “what is in it for me?”
  • Don’t eat a lot before the speech
  • Don’t use notes during the speech
  • Don’t stand behind furniture
  • Don’t apologize during speech
  • Don’t use jargon
  • Don’t use clich├ęs
  • Don’t use unintentional nervous movements ( e.g. oscillation from one side to other)
How to structure a speech

Structuring the speech correctly is important to deliver your message effectively. Some of the effective ways to structure speech are.

Structure 1
  1. State your facts
  2. Argue from them
  3. Appeal for actions
Structure 2
  1. Show something that is wrong
  2. Show how to remedy it
  3. Appeal for action
Structure 3
  1. Begin with a problem
  2. Identify possible solutions
  3. Compare pros and cons of each solution
  4. Conclude with solution that has more pros and fewer cons
Structure 4
  1. Secure interested attention
  2. Win confidence
  3. State your facts
  4. Appeal for motives that make men act
Structure 5
  1. Secure interested attention
  2. State the problem
  3. Provide the solution
  4. Convey benefits of solution
  5. Appeal for action
How to open a speech

What is the purpose of opening a speech? It is simple: to catch audience attention. There are certain things that do a good job of grabbing attention. These things make up good opening.
  • Arouse curiosity
  • Relating a human interest story
  • Personal story
  • Beginning with a specific illustration
  • Using an exhibit
  • Asking a question
  • Opening with a striking question
  • Vital interest of the audience
  • Shocking facts or statistics
  • Quotation
How to close a speech

Conclusion is your last opportunity to make sure audience will remember your message. Use the below proven ways to close your speech with an impact.
  • Summarising talk
  • Appeal for action
  • Paying a sincere compliment
  • Raising a laugh
  • Using a challenge or question
  • Quoting a fitting verse of poetry
  • Using a biblical quotation
  • Building up a climax

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