Quick overview of Reading Comprehension of GMAT Verbal Section.
Majority passages should be on Business, few on social science, humanity, physical and biological science etc
- Main Idea – Title/statement best describes the passage
- Supporting Idea – specific details in the passage
- Inferences – must be true based on the details in the passage
- Applying Passage information – applying passage information to the context from real word
- Logical Structure – overall structure of the passage or why a detail or paragraph was included.
- Style and Tone – author’s attitude towards the topic
- Read the passage looking for Main idea, purpose and structure. Continue to ask what and why. Look for big picture and ignore details.
- Read as fast as you can to retain. Take notes, if required.
- Topic sentence (usually first sentence) and concluding sentence (usually last sentence) is very important.
- Read body paragraph asking why author included it. Try to skim thru body paragraph quickly.
- Keep looking for change using direction words (despite, however, yet, but, although etc). Read the statements and see if structure changes.
- You can generally skim continuation statements (Look for words for example, additionally, furthermore etc). These indicate details.
- Look for conclusion statement (statement after conclusion word such as thus, therefore, consequently, hence etc OR the statement before evidence words because, since etc ) and read as these add to main idea and purpose. The statements before conclusion words and after evidence words include details and can be skimmed.
- The tone of GMAT passages should be generally mild.
- Extreme choices (includes all, always, never etc) are usually wrong. Moderate choices (includes some, sometimes, often etc) are usually right.
Types of passages
- Explain – Author details information about the topic. The introductory paragraph will usually state topic. Body paragraph will add additional points and aspect of topic. The conclusion paragraph will summarize.
- Evaluate – The author takes a topic and analyze strength/weakness and come to conclusion. Introductory paragraph states topic. Body paragraphs state strength/weakness. The tone in body paragraph is neutral. Final paragraph states conclusion.
- Persuade – The author states the issue and persuades readers why certain solution is appropriate. The introductory paragraph will state topic. Body paragraphs will state persuasive arguments. Final paragraph concludes the position.
- Compare/Contrast – The author compares/contrast two ideas. The author introduces two ideas in introductory paragraph. Compare these ideas in body paragraphs. The final paragraph concludes one side or advantages/disadvantages of both sides.